chinesische dynastie liste

Oder wie lange Geschichte hat China? Xia-Dynastie. [94][96], "Conquest dynasties" (征服王朝; zhēngfú wángcháo) refer to dynasties of China founded by non-Han peoples that ruled parts or all of China proper. Gongyang Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals, Family tree of Chinese monarchs (ancient), Family tree of Chinese monarchs (Warring States period), "Chinese Dynasties and Modern China: Unification and Fragmentation", "The Development of Chinese Historical Geography over the Last 50 Years (1950–2000)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dynasties_in_Chinese_history&oldid=997130031, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Eastern Jin proclaimed itself to be legitimate, Several of the Sixteen Kingdoms such as the, All dynasties during this period saw themselves as the legitimate representative of China; the, Having directly succeeded the Tang dynasty, the, Modern historiography generally considers the, Following the conquest of the Later Jin, the Liao dynasty claimed legitimacy and succession from it, The Jin dynasty challenged the Song's claim of legitimacy, The Ming dynasty recognized the preceding Yuan dynasty as a legitimate Chinese dynasty, but asserted that it had succeeded the Mandate of Heaven from the Yuan, thus considering the Northern Yuan as illegitimate, Northern Yuan rulers maintained the dynastic name "Great Yuan" and claimed Chinese titles continuously until AD 1388 or AD 1402; Chinese titles were restored on several occasions thereafter for brief periods, The Mongol historian Rashipunsug argued that the Northern Yuan had succeeded the legitimacy from the Yuan dynasty; the, The Qing dynasty recognized the preceding Ming dynasty as legitimate, but asserted that it had succeeded the Mandate of Heaven from the Ming, thus refuting the claimed legitimacy of the Southern Ming, The Southern Ming continued to claim legitimacy until its eventual defeat by the Qing, The Western Zhou and the Eastern Zhou are collectively known as the, The Western Han and the Eastern Han are collectively known as the, The first emperor of the Eastern Han, the, The Western Jin and the Eastern Jin are collectively known as the, The first monarch of the Southern Yan, the, The Northern Song and the Southern Song are collectively known as the, The first ruler of the Southern Song, the, The name of the ruling tribe or tribal confederation, The noble title held by the dynastic founder prior to the founding of the dynasty, The name of a historical state that occupied the same geographical location as the new dynasty, The name of a previous dynasty from which the new dynasty claimed descent or succession from, even if such familial link was questionable, A term with auspicious or other significant connotations, Dynastic chiefdoms that existed within the. (Interre… Chinesische Dynastie Lösung Hilfe - Kreuzworträtsel Lösung im Überblick Rätsel lösen und Antworten finden sortiert nach Länge und Buchstaben Die Rätsel-Hilfe listet alle bekannten Lösungen für den Begriff "Chinesische Dynastie". The official title of several dynasties bore the character "dà" (大; "great"). p. 52. Such a practice is sometimes adopted in English usage, even though the inclusion of the word "dynasty" is also widely seen in English scholarly writings. In den Rahmen der Gesamtbewertung fällt … [127] In such cases, the regime had collapsed, only to be re-established; a nomenclatural distinction between the original regime and the new regime is thus necessary for historiographical purpose. [97] This term was first coined by the historian and sinologist Karl August Wittfogel and remains a source of controversy among scholars who believe that Chinese history should be analyzed and understood from a multiethnic and multicultural perspective. Genieße diesen Text und kenne mehr über China. For example, the dynasty known retroactively as Southern Han initially used the name "Yue", only to be renamed to "Han" subsequently.[107]. [114][115] "Zhōngguó", which has become nearly synonymous with "China" in modern times, is a concept with geographical, political, and cultural connotations.[116]. 2. It was customary for Chinese monarchs to adopt an official name for the realm, known as the guóhào (國號; "name of the state"), upon the establishment of a dynasty. The following is a list of terms associated with the concept of dynasty in Chinese historiography: As the founder of China's first dynasty, the Xia dynasty, Yu the Great is conventionally regarded as the inaugurator of dynastic rule in China. Kong Lingyi (孔令貽), a 76th-generation descendant of Confucius and the holder of Duke Yansheng, was identified as a potential candidate for Chinese emperorship by Liang Qichao. Politically, the word is taken to refer to the regime of the incumbent ruler. ), war es gelungen, alle anderen Staaten zu besiegen und das Reich erstmals zu einen. [151][152], The modern territorial claims of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China are inherited from the lands once held by the Qing dynasty at the time of its collapse.[15][153][154][155][156]. These dynasties effectively functioned as separate states with their own court and political institutions. The status of a dynasty was dependent upon the chief title bore by its monarch at any given time. [10] The largest orthodox Chinese dynasty in terms of territorial size was either the Yuan dynasty or the Qing dynasty, depending on the historical source. Shang-Dynastien. [40][41][42] This change of ruling houses was a convoluted and prolonged affair, and the Qing took almost two decades to extend their rule over the entirety of China proper. Dividing Chinese history into periods ruled by dynasties is a common method of periodization utilized by scholars. Westliche Zhou-Dynastie. "Central Plain dynasties" (中原王朝; Zhōngyuán wángcháo) refer to dynasties of China that had their capital cities situated within the Central Plain. [86], "Unified dynasties" (大一統王朝; dàyītǒng wángcháo) refer to dynasties of China, regardless of their ethnic origin, that achieved the unification of China proper. While all dynasties of China sought to associate their respective realm with Zhōngguó (中國; "Central State"; usually translated as "Middle Kingdom" or "China" in English texts), none of these regimes officially used the term as their dynastic name. [36] For example, AD 1644 is frequently cited as the year in which the Qing dynasty succeeded the Ming dynasty in possessing the Mandate of Heaven. Unsere Redakteure begrüßen Sie auf unserer Webseite. [147][148][149] In contrast, the borders of the Qing dynasty were demarcated and reinforced through a series of international treaties, and thus were more well-defined. [94][95] The status of the Northern Song as a unified dynasty is disputed among historians as the Sixteen Prefectures of Yan and Yun were partially administered by the contemporaneous Liao dynasty while the Western Xia exercised partial control over Hetao; the Northern Song, in this sense, did not truly achieve the unification of China proper. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. [8] For example, porcelain made during the Ming dynasty may be referred to as "Ming porcelain". Sie sind geeignet fur die ganze Familie. Additionally, numerous other dynasties claimed descent from earlier dynasties as a calculated political move to obtain or enhance their legitimacy, even if such claims were unfounded. Wie viele Dynastie gibt es in China? On the other hand, many dynasties of non-Han origin saw themselves as the legitimate dynasty of China and often sought to portray themselves as the true inheritor of Chinese culture and history. 3. For instance, the Western Han is also known as the "Former Han", and the Yang Wu is also called the "Southern Wu". These should not be confused with the, The English names shown are based on the Hanyu Pinyin renditions, the most common form of. [39] Meanwhile, other factions also fought for control over China during the Ming–Qing transition, most notably the Shun and the Xi dynasties proclaimed by Li Zicheng and Zhang Xianzhong respectively. Unser Testerteam wünscht Ihnen zu Hause schon jetzt viel Freude mit Ihrem Chinesische kaiser dynastie! The terms "Chinese Empire" and "Empire of China" refer to the Chinese state under the rule of various imperial dynasties, particularly those that had unified China proper. [34] The supersession of the Liao dynasty by the Jin dynasty was achieved following a series of successful military campaigns, as was the later unification of China under the Yuan dynasty; on the other hand, the transition from the Eastern Han to the Cao Wei, as well as from the Southern Qi to the Liang dynasty, were cases of usurpation. The agnatic relations of the following groups of Chinese dynasties are typically recognized by historians: The Central Plain is a vast area on the lower reaches of the Yellow River which formed the cradle of Chinese civilization. Dynasties that ruled Chinese tributary states outside of "China": e.g., Dynasties outside of "China" which claimed to be ", This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 03:43. [7] Accordingly, a dynasty may be used to delimit the era during which a family reigned, as well as to describe events, trends, personalities, artistic compositions, and artifacts of that period. Trotz der Tatsache, dass die Bewertungen immer wieder verfälscht sind, bringen sie im Gesamtpaket einen guten Anlaufpunkt; Was für ein Endziel verfolgen Sie mit Ihrem Chinesische kaiser dynastie? Chinesische Dynastie Kreuzworträtsel-Lösungen Alle Lösungen mit 2 - 8 Buchstaben ️ zum Begriff Chinesische Dynastie in der Rätsel Hilfe Likewise, the Jin dynasty was officially the "Great Jin". Ming-Dynastie - Chinesische Kaiserdynastien Die Ming-Dynastie wurde durch den Rebellenführer Zhu Yuanzhang gegründet, einem der Anführer der Roten Turbane, die gegen die mongolische Yuan-Dynastie … [24][30], The rise and fall of dynasties is a prominent feature of Chinese history. [54] Similarly, the Manchukuo (AD 1932–1945; monarchy since AD 1934), a puppet state of the Empire of Japan during World War II with limited diplomatic recognition, is not regarded as a legitimate regime. In unseren Tests finden Sie zu Hause wirklich ausnahmslos die Produkte, die unseren sehr festgelegten Kriterien standgehalten haben. Dynastie. Zu den größten Errungenschaften der Qin gehört die Standard… China Porzellan der Ming-Dynastie, Porzellan der Ming-Dynastie Suche China produkte und China Porzellan der Ming-Dynastie hersteller und lieferanten liste de.Made-in-China.com From the inauguration of dynastic rule by Yu the Great in circa 2070 BC to the abdication of the Xuantong Emperor on 12 February 1912 in the wake of the Xinhai Revolution, China was ruled by a series of successive dynasties. Insgesamt zählte sie 4 Könige und 3 Kaiser. [132][133][134][135][136][137][138][139][140][141][142][143][144], At various points in time, Chinese dynasties exercised control over China proper (including Hainan, Macau, and Hong Kong),[132][133][134] Taiwan,[135] Manchuria (both Inner Manchuria and Outer Manchuria),[136][137] Sakhalin,[138][139] Mongolia (both Inner Mongolia and Outer Mongolia),[137][140] Vietnam,[141][145] Tibet,[136][137] Xinjiang,[142] as well as parts of Central Asia,[137][138] the Korean Peninsula,[143] Afghanistan,[144][146] and Siberia.[137]. Oftentimes, usurpers would seek to portray their predecessors as having relinquished the throne willingly—a process called shànràng (禪讓; "voluntary abdication")—as a means to legitimize their rule.[35]. Im Norden von der großen Mauer lebten... Der 1. Und Wie heißt diese Dynastie? [23][a] In the Chinese dynastic system, sovereign rulers theoretically possessed absolute power and private ownership of the realm, even though in practice their actual power was dependent on numerous factors. Denn nur so … Hence, the abdication of the, As per modern historiographical norm, the ". Political division existed during the Three Kingdoms, the Sixteen Kingdoms, the Northern and Southern dynasties, and the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms periods, among others. Das Tang Imperium wurde in zwei Königreiche geteilt oder wurde von Angreifern erobert. Chinesische Schriftzeichen als Liste deutsch - chinesischer . Dynastie Of Ming Slot. Dynasties that belonged to the following categories are excluded from this list: Hereditary monarchical regimes in historical China, "List of Chinese monarchies" and "List of Chinese empires" redirect here. The formal name of Chinese dynasties was usually derived from one the following sources: There were instances whereby the official name was changed during the reign of a dynasty. Dort waren auch Revolten und Rebellionen, die von den Yuan Armee versucht... Das Königreich der Ming kollabierte hauptsächlich dadurch, dass rivalisierende Gruppen von innen her Gebiete für sich beanspruchten und hier für die Obegewalt kämpften. "Anterior" is employed in some sources in place of "Former". Der Opiumhandel war schlecht für die Gesundheit der... Unter Der Einfluss der Oktober-Revolution in Russland entstand Chinas “Bewegung des vierten Mai”. Die Ming-Dynastie wird von vielen wahrgenommen als die beste und reichste der chinesischen Dynastien. [80], As most Chinese historiographical sources uphold the idea of unilineal dynastic succession, only one dynasty could be considered orthodox at any given time. [45] Similarly, Chai Yong, a nephew of the Emperor Shizong of Later Zhou, was conferred the title "Duke of Chongyi" by the Emperor Renzong of Song; other descendants of the Later Zhou ruling family came to inherit the noble title thereafter. Dynastic rule in China collapsed in AD 1912 when the Republic of China superseded the Qing dynasty following the success of the Xinhai Revolution. Such legitimacy dispute existed during the following periods: While periods of disunity often resulted in heated debates among officials and historians over which dynasty could and should be considered orthodox, the Northern Song statesman Ouyang Xiu propounded that such orthodoxy existed in a state of limbo during fragmented periods and was restored after political unification was achieved. For example, The term "kingdom" is potentially misleading as not all rulers held the title of king. 1 Lösung. However, the attempt by the Republicans to draft the history of the Qing was disrupted by the Chinese Civil War, which resulted in the political division of China into the People's Republic of China on mainland China and the Republic of China on Taiwan.[48]. Die Sui Dynastie (589 – 618) war ein Stamm mit Dynastie, die für über 39 Jahre über den Großteil der Region regierte. Wie alt ist China? [37][38] The Ming loyalist Kingdom of Tungning based in Taiwan continued to oppose the Qing until AD 1683. Liste der favoritisierten Chinesische kaiser dynastie. [128][129], In Chinese sources, the term "dynasty" (朝; cháo) is usually omitted when referencing dynasties that have prefixes in their historiographical names. Yuan-Dynastie - Chinesische Kaiserdynastien Die Yuan-Dynastie war die erste nicht-chinesische Kaiserdynastie in China. Diese Reichseinigung zählt zu den bedeutendsten Ereignissen der chinesischen Geschichte. Wie alt ist China? [80] From this perspective, the Song dynasty possessed legitimacy by virtue of its ability to end the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period despite not having succeeded the orthodoxy from the Later Zhou. Similarly, during the earlier Sui–Tang transition, numerous regimes established by rebel forces vied for control and legitimacy as the power of the ruling Sui dynasty weakened. Mit dem Ziel, dass Sie als Käufer mit Ihrem Chinesische kaiser dynastie danach rundum glücklich sind, hat unser Team an Produkttestern auch noch eine große Liste an ungeeigneten Angebote schon aus der Liste geworfen. Ihr Imperium begann, als sie die Stadt Nanjing... Das Imperium der Tang (618 – 907 nach Christus) war das zweitgrößte und am längsten anhaltende Imperium in der Region nach dem Han Imperium. "Latter" or "Posterior" is employed in some sources in place of "Later". Große Teile in... Dschingis Khan (1162 – 1227) und seine Söhne setzten das Fundament für die Yuan Dynastie (1279 – 1368), indem sie das westliche Xia Imperium niederschlugen und das zentrale Asien, die... Während den letzten dreißig Jahren von der Yuan Ära (1279 – 1368) waren dort Hungersnöte und natürliche Katastrophen. [150] The Chinese tributary system first emerged during the Western Han and lasted until the 19th century AD when the Sinocentric order broke down. For instance, the Sui dynasty is known as such because its formal name was "Sui". Tests mit Chinesische kaiser dynastie. Folgende Artikeln können Sie bei Antworten solche Fragen helfen. The dynastic regimes included in this timeline are the same as the list above. Wie viele Dynastie gibt es in China? Folgende Artikeln können Sie bei Antworten solche Fragen helfen. [98] For instance, the Northern Wei and the Qing dynasty, established by the Xianbei and Manchu ethnicities respectively, are considered conquest dynasties of China.[97]. Dem Staat Qin, einem von sieben rivalisierenden Staaten während der Zeit der Streitenden Reiche (475 v. Chr. [112][113] Although the Qing dynasty explicitly identified their state with and employed "Zhōngguó"—and its Manchu equivalent "Dulimbai Gurun" (.mw-parser-output .font-mong{font-family:"Menk Hawang Tig","Menk Qagan Tig","Menk Garqag Tig","Menk Har_a Tig","Menk Scnin Tig","Oyun Gurban Ulus Tig","Oyun Qagan Tig","Oyun Garqag Tig","Oyun Har_a Tig","Oyun Scnin Tig","Oyun Agula Tig","Mongolian Baiti","Noto Sans Mongolian","Mongolian Universal White","Mongol Usug","Mongolian White","MongolianScript","Code2000","Menksoft Qagan"}.mw-parser-output .font-mong-mnc,.mw-parser-output .font-mong:lang(mnc-Mong),.mw-parser-output .font-mong:lang(dta-Mong),.mw-parser-output .font-mong:lang(sjo-Mong){font-family:"Abkai Xanyan","Abkai Xanyan LA","Abkai Xanyan VT","Abkai Xanyan XX","Abkai Xanyan SC","Abkai Buleku","Daicing White","Mongolian Baiti","Noto Sans Mongolian","Mongolian Universal White"}ᡩᡠᠯᡳᠮᠪᠠᡳᡤᡠᡵᡠᠨ)—in official capacity in numerous international treaties beginning with the Treaty of Nerchinsk dated AD 1689, its dynastic name had remained the "Great Qing". Hier finden Sie als Kunde die Liste der Favoriten der getesteten Chinesische kaiser dynastie, bei denen die oberste Position den Vergleichssieger definiert. Chinesische namensbedeutung - Der TOP-Favorit der Redaktion. Rather, new dynasties were often established before the complete overthrow of an existing regime. Glossar Chinesische Malerei. Welche Kultur haben die Chinesen in der alten Zeit schon geschaffen? Regional dynastic regimes that ruled an area historically or currently associated with "China": e.g., Dynasties outside of "China" with full or partial. Imperial dynasties that had unified China proper may be known as the "Chinese Empire" or the "Empire of China" (中華帝國; Zhōnghuá Dìguó). [109] For instance, The Chronicles of Japan referred to the Tang dynasty as "Ōkara" (大唐; "Great Tang") despite its dynastic name being simply "Tang". China hat in seiner Geschichte einige Unruhen erlebt. Instead, historiographical names, which were most commonly derived from their official name, are used. Chr. Dynasties in Chinese history, or Chinese dynasties, were hereditary monarchical regimes that ruled over China during much of its history. This list is neither comprehensive nor representative of Chinese history as a whole. [53] The Manchu Restoration (AD 1917) was an unsuccessful attempt at reviving the Qing dynasty, lasting merely 11 days. The antonymic word is "yě" (野). [108][109] However, several sources like the History of Liao and the History of Jin compiled by the Yuan historian Toqto'a revealed that the official dynastic name of some earlier dynasties such as the Liao and the Jin also contained the character "dà". Opiumkrieg von 1839-1842 markierete eine Wende der Geschichte Chinas. Autonomous regimes that existed during this period of upheaval included, but not limited to, Wei (魏; by Li Mi), Qin (秦; by Xue Ju), Qi (齊; by Gao Tancheng), Xu (許; by Yuwen Huaji), Liang (梁; by Shen Faxing), Liang (梁; by Liang Shidu), Xia (夏; by Dou Jiande), Zheng (鄭; by Wang Shichong), Chu (楚; by Zhu Can), Chu (楚; by Lin Shihong), Yan (燕; by Gao Kaidao), and Song (宋; by Fu Gongshi). Hilfen zur Rätsel-Frage: "chinesische Dynastie" Du hast die Qual der Wahl: Für diese Rätsel-Frage haben wir insgesamt 36 denkbare Antworten bei uns verzeichnet. Apart from exerting direct control over the Chinese realm, various dynasties of China also maintained hegemony over other states and tribes through the Chinese tributary system. Major exceptions to this historiographical practice include the Western Qin and the Tang dynasty, which were interrupted by the Later Qin and the Wu Zhou respectively. – 221 v. Chinesische kaiser dynastie - Betrachten Sie dem Favoriten. [86] This term could refer to dynasties of both Han and non-Han ethnic origins. Eltern, Kinder, alle können Kreuzworträtsel spielen. [66] Most modern sources consider the legitimate line of succession to be as follows:[66], These historical legitimacy disputes are similar to the modern competing claims of legitimacy by the People's Republic of China based in Beijing and the Republic of China based in Taipei. They have slowly changed China into its current form. 5000 - 2100 v. Chr. Chinesische kaiser dynastie - Die ausgezeichnetesten Chinesische kaiser dynastie verglichen! [51] Meanwhile, gentry in Anhui and Hebei supported a restoration of the Ming dynasty under Zhu Yuxun (朱煜勳), the Marquis of Extended Grace. Sie sind überall zu finden und doch geeignet für die ganze Familie. Südliche und Nördliche Dynastien. [57] The issue of political legitimacy pertaining to some of these dynasties remains contentious in modern academia. [92][93], Historians typically consider the following dynasties to have unified China proper: the Qin dynasty, the Western Han, the Xin dynasty, the Eastern Han, the Western Jin, the Sui dynasty, the Tang dynasty, the Wu Zhou, the Northern Song, the Yuan dynasty, the Ming dynasty, and the Qing dynasty. [43], Frequently, remnants and descendants of previous dynasties were either purged or granted noble titles in accordance with the Èr Wáng Sān Kè (二王三恪; "two crownings, three respects") system. There were several groups of Chinese dynasties that were ruled by families with patrilineal relations, yet due to various reasons these regimes are considered to be separate dynasties and given distinct retroactive names for historiographical purpose. The English and Chinese names stated are historiographical nomenclature. von Kaiser Qin Shihuangdi gegründet. Das ist weit mehr als für die meisten anderen uns bekannten Rätsel-Fragen. p. 54. [46], According to Chinese historiographical tradition, each new dynasty would compose the history of the preceding dynasty, culminating in the Twenty-Four Histories. During the Xinhai Revolution, there were numerous proposals advocating for the replacement of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty by a new dynasty of Han ethnicity. edit. This history was affected by the dynasties which have ruled it. Brook, Walt van Praag & Boltjes (2018). For example, all sovereigns of the. Ruling for a total length of 789 years, the longest-reigning orthodox dynasty of China was the Zhou dynasty, albeit it is divided into the Western Zhou and the Eastern Zhou in Chinese historiography, and its power was drastically reduced during the latter part of its rule. China ist ein Land mit langer Geschichte. Alte chinesische Dynastie Kreuzworträtsel-Lösungen Die Lösung mit 3 Buchstaben ️ zum Begriff Alte chinesische Dynastie in der Rätsel Hilfe Hier klicken. [99][100] During the rule of a dynasty, its guóhào functioned as the formal name of the state, both internally and for diplomatic purposes. bestand. For instance, since all monarchs of the. Oder wie lange Geschichte hat China? Die Zhou Dynastie endete im Jahr 221 v. Chr. [87][88], The concept of "great unity" or "grand unification" (大一統; dàyītǒng) was first mentioned in the Chinese classical text Gongyang Commentary on the Spring and Autumn Annals that was supposedly authored by the Qi scholar Gongyang Gao. Liste der chinesischen Dynastien! Ab dem 19.Jahrhundert schmuggelten die Engländer große Mengen Opiums nach China. The Empire of China (AD 1915–1916) proclaimed by Yuan Shikai sparked the National Protection War, resulting in the premature collapse of the regime 101 days later. Die Han Dynastie wird auf Chinesisch 汉朝 genannt. In Zeitungen, Zeitschriften, Tabletten und überall online sind sie zu finden. Einträge in der Kategorie Chinesische Dynastie Folgende 62 Einträge sind in dieser Kategorie, von 62 insgesamt.

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